How to design a DApp: 5 necessary development stages in 2022

How to design a DApp 5 necessary development stages in 2022

As technology constantly evolves, developing new software is also changing alongside technological advancements. The same is the case with DApps. The advancements in technology have enabled organizations to build a DApp. That is because DApps are becoming a new norm.

In this article, you will learn what a DApp is, how to build a DApp, and the essential steps required to create decentralized application.

While we cover the short version of DApps, consider reading how to create a DApp in detail so that you can have a better understanding of the whole process.


DApps Explained- What Are They and Why Are They Used

Decentralized applications, or DApps, are blockchain-based smart contract-powered versions of apps made popular by the Ethereum network. They operate just like standard apps but offer a variety of features.

DApps are replacing traditional apps because they are not complex to work with, unlike conventional apps, and they dont require a server to run on.

Finance Apps

Decentralized financial transactions are a fascinating feature of the blockchain revolution (Defi). It allows people to conduct business without the involvement of banks, credit card firms, or insurance companies.

Users are given an additional layer of protection thanks to the encryption used in Defi products.


The peer-to-peer gaming industry is one area where the blockchain is making huge waves. It’s not only about online casino facilities, though those are also included. In contrast to typical casino games, cryptocurrency games like CryptoKitties, for instance, offer a more immersive gaming experience.

Social Media Applications

Blockchain technology is used to develop decentralized social media applications. The censorship and privacy issues that haunt sites like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube have given rise to these services.

Music Apps

Users can stream music, earn bitcoin, and pay musicians using apps like Musicoin. Musicians can register, post songs, and receive listeners’ money in Musicoin (MUSIC).

Examples of DApps

Developers are motivated to create DApps for various uses, including diamond traceability systems, on-demand networks for open-source coders, and Airtasker markets.

A few examples of DApps are:


  • Golem is a decentralized, crypto-operated supercomputer. The basic idea is that everyone with unused processing power on their computer should be able to profit by renting it out to those who are short on internal resources.


  • Uniswap is a protocol that facilitates the construction of decentralized exchanges by offering a single interface that enables any token to be traded with any other token. So far, Uniswap has registered approximately $962 billion in trading activity.


Advantages and Disadvantages of DApps

In this part of the article, we will discuss the major pros and cons of DApps. These will help you in making an informed decision when you are trying to create a decentralized application.



  • In contrast to centralized services like Facebook and Google, where users have no control over their data once it passes to the corporations, users of decentralized applications keep full control over their data and information.


  • Decentralized apps can operate at a low cost because the need for physical infrastructure is obsolete. Furthermore, these apps are more resource-efficient than conventional apps. A decentralized system may also be less expensive to maintain because there are fewer potential points of failure.



  • Building a decentralized app requires third-party services (e.g., cloud storage) that you may not control. If one fails, the whole app could be inaccessible.


  • App functionality depends on a particular number of nodes (e.g., a consensus algorithm). If there aren’t enough users, the app may freeze. Users must wait for more nodes to join or encourage existing nodes to participate more.

Typical Features of DApp

The question is, what are the typical features of a DApp? See, when you build DApp, you have to make sure that the users are getting the most out of it. This section explains what typical features of DApp are.


The decentralized application operates automatically, free from human oversight or decisions made on the users’ behalf by third parties. Most users, not just the developers, must approve changes to the DApp code. This makes it easier to give users complete command over how the application works.


They are decentralized because they operate on a P2P network of computers rather than a sole computer. The power is not focused in one spot; it is spread among multiple computers. This means that no entity can control the app.
So, instead of Dropbox, users can store files and data on decentralized networks like or IPFS.


A DApp must reward users. Contributors to an app usually get a reward with an internal currency or token with value outside the app. Let’s take bitcoin as an example. Bitcoin rewards users for processing blockchain transactions (called mining). Golem rewards users with GNT for sharing their computer’s processing power.

Smart Contracts:

Transactions use smart contracts. Smart contracts can ease the exchange of money, property, shares, or anything valuable. Decentralized smart contracts run on blockchain technology.


Backup of Data:

Blockchain’s immutability is immune to hacking. Once the data is on the blockchain, it’s unchangeable —these features back up your app’s data.


Open Source:


Anyone can access and verify a decentralized app’s open-source code. This ensures transparency and accountability because no one owns the project, and everyone can verify changes.

Build a DApp - 5 Necessary Development Stages

Decide What you Want to Build

Know the problem before creating a decentralized application. After understanding the problem, you can determine if a decentralized application is needed. If a decentralized app has a feasible use case, continue.

Understand the Technology

The following step is picking the blockchain platform used to develop your decentralized application. There are a lot of different blockchain platforms that have their tools and capabilities. Before choosing any of them, you must examine your business requirements and select the most suitable alternative. However, most DApps today tend to use the Ethereum network.

Develop a Prototype

Next, you need to design a prototype showing how your decentralized build DApp will work in reality. The easiest way to construct a good prototype is by having previous experience building DApps and blockchain projects or hiring someone with knowledge in this sector. A good prototype should showcase your idea’s usefulness and show how it’s used in the real world.

Go Through the Market and Target Audience

Once you have a prototype, it’s time to do user research. Create research papers, presentations, and other materials to explain your idea to investors. This helps you secure project funding and raises community awareness.

Design the App Accordingly

Decentralized app MVPs can be made in numerous ways. Using Ethereum and the C++-based Solidity programming language is the easiest. The app’s interface should look and act like any other web app. After designing and testing the MVP, version 2.0 app development can commence.


Decentralized apps are becoming game changers due to the fact that they are secure, easy to expand, and offer rewards. These features are attention-catching, so everyone is trying to build a DApp. We hope that this guide explains what DApps are and what are the development stages for these.

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